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What is meant by posting of workers as defined by labour law ?
An undertaking whose registered office is established outside Belgium may post its workers in such a country, i.e. temporarily employing these workers in Belgium.
During the period of such a posting, the employer must comply with certain Belgian labour law rules.
Posting means the situation of a worker who temporarily carries out work in Belgium and who:
- either habitually works in the territory of one or more countries other than Belgium
- or was recruited in a country other than Belgium
- A German worker who is a computer expert is sent by his German undertaking to carry out analysis at a Belgian client of his employer for a period of five months;
- A Luxemburg worker is recruited by a French temp agency to work in Belgium for three months;
- A French parent company sends one of its workers to Belgium to work there for the company's Belgian branch for two years.
However, if a foreign undertaking recruits a worker in Belgium to work there, irrespective of his nationality, this is not a case of posting as defined by labour law.
Example: A Dutch company takes on a sales representative in Belgium to try to recruit customers in Belgium.
In such an example, a conflict-of-laws can exist between, on the one hand, the law of the country where the work is actually carried out, in other words Belgian labour law and, on the other hand, for instance, the law of the country that the parties to the employment contract would have chosen, for instance the Dutch labour law.
In the aforementioned conflict-of-laws, the law to be applied to the employment contract have to be determined on basis of the private international law rules it is to say :
- as regards the employment contracts concluded at the latest by 17 December 2009, the Convention of Rome;
- as regards the employment contracts concluded from 18 December 2009, the Regulation (Rome I).
Exemption from the obligation to deliver particular social records
- Directive96/71/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 1996 concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services.
- Directive 2014/67/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the enforcement of Directive 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services and amending Regulation (EU) No 1024/2012 on administrative cooperation through the Internal Market Information System ("the IMI Regulation").
- Belgian Act of 5 March 2002 concerning the working, remuneration and employment conditions in case of posting of workers in Belgium and the monitoring thereof (a consolidated version of the text can be found via the following links : in French language or in Dutch language).
- Royal Decree of 1st April 2007 implementing the Belgian Act of 5 March 2002 (a consolidated version of this text can be found via the following links: in French language or in Dutch language).